OBGYN Appointments Carlisle PA
Obstetrics Carlisle PA
Gynecology Carlisle PA

Robotic Gynecology Surgery in Carlisle PA

OB/GYN Carlisle PA


Health Library - Cervix

illistration of the cerixThe cervix is the lower end of the uterus. It is located at the top of the vagina and is about two inches long. The cervical canal passes through the cervix, allowing blood from a menstrual period and a baby (fetus) to pass from the womb (uterus) into the vagina.  The cervical canal also allows sperm to pass from the vagina into the uterus.

Cervical Disorders

  • Cervical inflammation
  • Abnormal Pap Smear
  • Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)
  • Cervical polyps
  • Cervical pregnancy
  • Cervical conization
  • Cervical dysplasia

Corrective Procedures or Surgeries

Cervical Cancer

Cancer is a disease that happens when body cells don't work right. The cells divide really fast and grow out of control. These extra cells form a tumor. Cervical cancer is cancer in the cervix, the lower, narrow part of the uterus  (womb). The uterus is the hollow, pear-shaped organ where a baby grows during a woman's pregnancy. The cervix forms a canal that opens into the vagina (birth canal), which leads to the outside of the body.

Most cases of cervical cancer are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV).  HPV is a virus that is passed from person to person through genital contact, most often during vaginal and anal sex. You are more likely to get HPV if you have multiple partners. However, any woman who has ever had genital contact with another person can get HPV. Most women infected with HPV will not get cervical cancer. But, you are more likely to develop cervical cancer if you smoke, have HIV or reduced immunity, or don’t get regular Pap tests. Pap tests look for changes in the cervical cells that could become cancerous if not treated.

If the Pap test finds serious changes in the cells of the cervix, the doctor will suggest more powerful tests such as a colposcopy (kol-POSS-koh-pee). This procedure uses a large microscope called a colposcope (KOL-poh-skohp). This tool allows the doctor to look more closely at the cells of the vagina and cervix. This and other tests can help the doctor decide what areas should be tested for cancer.

Office Handouts & Brochures

Videos & Slideshows

Coming soon ...

Helpful Web Links